Formerly NARAL Pro-Choice Montana

We Honor Those Who Have Come Before Us

As we celebrate our organization’s 40th year of working on behalf of Montanans, we acknowledge the many advocates, healthcare providers, abortion seekers, doulas and midwives, transgender and Two Spirit individuals, parents, teachers, elected representatives, , and many, many others who have come before us in this work.

Thank you for your relentless efforts to advance issues related to sex, gender, and reproduction. Montana’s movement is strong because of you; we will work thoughtfully to build on and amplify your legacy.

Time immemorial

Pregnant people used abortifacient plants to end their pregnancies. Before colonization, people had bodily autonomy and sovereignty over their lives.


Colonialism: 1500’s and ongoing

  • Genocide of people and decimation of cultures and traditions
  • Religious missionaries tried to erase traditional knowledge and healing practices
  • Indigenous peoples were forced into boarding schools through efforts of forced assimilation
  • Midwives, doulas, and other traditional healers were banned from practicing medicine as white men established themselves as physicians
  • Governments and medical systems enacted practices of forced sterilization among anyone deemed unfit to parent. Those most commonly targeted included Indigenous and other People of Color, those with disabilities, and those with mental health issues.
  • Governments, police, and child welfare programs disproportionately remove Indigenous, Black, and other Children of Color from their families, resulting in generations of trauma and separated families


19th and 20th Centuries

  • Industrialization – people move into the cities and away from rural and more self-sustaining communities
  • The criminalization of sex work becomes more prevalent
  • Anti-immigration policies begin
  • Epidemic of Missing & Murdered Indigenous People continues
  • Labor Movement works for more human-centered workplace conditions


The Mothers of Gynecology: Anarcha, Lucy, and Betsey were Black women enslaved near Montgomery, Alabama.

They were experimented on without their consent, and without anesthesia, by Dr. J. Marion Sims. These women’s bodies were used to advance science, and for too long, their sacrifices have gone unacknowledged. Current gynecology medical practices exist because of these women and countless others whose bodies were experimented on and used. For more information, visit this site:


Indian Citizenship Act passed, granting full birthright citizenship to all Native Americans, in addition to their tribal affiliation


The National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws (NARAL) was established


Montana Constitution is rewritten, making it the 3rd most recent constitution in the world.

Created in a bipartisan manner through the Montana Constitutional Convention. Establishes strong right to privacy which sets the framework for protecting many rights in Montana, including the right to access abortion and gender affirming care.


NARAL changes its name to the National Abortion Rights Action League

Roe v Wade decision – allows for federally legal abortion care up to viability


Blue Mountain Women’s Clinic opens as Montana’s first abortion provider


Montanans for Choice is founded to advocate for the right to abortion in Montana.


Montanans for Choice Take Action is founded


James Armstrong, MD, Susan Cahill, PA, Mindy Opper, PA, and Blue Mountain Clinic sue the state of Montana to allow patients to access abortion care from the provider of their choosing.


Jeannette R. v Ellery decision by the MT Supreme Court finds that Montana Medicaid must include coverage for abortion care


Montanans for Choice became a state affiliate of the National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL) and changed the name to NARAL Pro-Choice Montana Foundation.


Armstrong v State decision by the MT Supreme Court affirms the right to access pre-viability abortion care due to the right to privacy in the Montana Constitution.

The decision further allowed Physician Assistants, in addition to Physicians, to provide abortion care.


National NARAL becomes NARAL Pro-Choice America


Anti-abortion efforts to put a ‘personhood’ amendment on the MT ballot fails to collect enough signatures


Helem Weems, FNP, opens All Families Healthcare in Whitefish, MT


NARAL Pro-Choice America chooses to eliminate its affiliate structure – no longer investing in state-based work through their affiliate structure


US Supreme Court overturns Roe v Wade, and almost 50 years of legal precedence, allowing states the right to determine abortion regulation (Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health)

Montana Supreme Court unanimously decides to allow abortion provision by nurse practitioners and certified nurse midwives, becoming the 19th state to do so (Weems v State)

Montana’s No on LR 131 campaign defeats anti-abortion ‘born alive’ bill


Montana Sexual & Reproductive Health Collective is formed

Legislative session passes 9 anti-abortion bills

All Families Healthcare and Blue Mountain Clinic join a federal lawsuit filed in the Fourth Circuit to protect access to mifepristone


Montana Supreme Court hears case challenging parental notification requirement for anyone under age 16 seeking abortion care in Montana.